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Zheng He’s sailing to West Ocean

Sep 2007 | Comments Off on Zheng He’s sailing to West Ocean

5 CONCLUSIONS

Zheng He was a great navigator in the history of China and the world and a momentous pioneer in the great geographical discoveries. Zheng He’s voyages were the record-breaking feats in the history. He carried out the expeditions earliest in time and largest in fleet scale. He developed and employed the most advanced shipbuilding technology in his time. The most sophisticated and systematic navigation techniques were fully demonstrated in the voyages. And the most powerful navy force was well established. Zheng He’s great voyages are the magnificent landmarks not only in China’s political and diplomatic history but also in navigational annals of the world

REFERENCES

Chen, Xiaodong 2005. A Comparison between Zheng He’s Expedition and Westerners’ Pioneering New Routes. International Academic Forum in Memory of the 600th Anniversary of Zheng He’s Expedition ‘Carry on Civilization, Open to the World, for Peace and Development’. Nanjing, China. 4-7 July.

Information Office of Fujian Province 2005.Zheng He’s Voyages Down the WesternSeas. Beijing: China Intercontinental Press.
Lin, Zhencao 2003. A Re-examination of the Expedition to the West by Zheng He. Journal of GuizhouUniversity (Social Science)21 (1): 98-105.

Ma, Hongxia et al 2006. Rational Think for the Different Result of Navigation between China and the West, Journal ofHenanNormalUniversity 33 (2): 135-138.
Ma, Lizhang 2002. Pilgrimage – One of the Major Motivations of Zheng He’s Expedition. The Second Internal Conference about the Study on Zheng He ‘Zheng He Belongs to the Whole World’. Kunming, China. 9-13 December.

Menzies, Gavin 2003.1421 The Year China Discovered the World. London: Bantam Books.
Qian, Zhikun 2005.Discussion on the Main Objectives of Zheng He’s Expeditions. Jiangxi Social Science 2005 (2): 90-94.

Walner, Ann 2005. Zheng He in American Classroom: Some Approaches. Symposium on Memory of the 600th Anniversary of Zheng He’s Expedition ‘Zheng He’s Expedition and the world civilization’. Beijing, China. 11-12 July.
Wang, Guiyan 2005. Historical Details of Zheng He’s Expeditions and Their Contributions in Maritime History. International Academic Forum in Memory of the 600th Anniversary of Zheng He’s Expedition ‘Carry on Civilization, Open to the World, for Peace and Development’. Nanjing, China. 4-7 July.
Xin, Yuan-ou 2003.The Great Significance and Historical Course of Zheng He’s Expeditions. Shanghai Shipbuilding 2003 (2): 58-64.
Yang, Quanbin and Jin, Yongxing 2005. Contributions of Zheng He’s Expedition to Development of the World Nautical Technology. International Academic Forum in Memory of the 600th Anniversary of Zheng He’s Expedition ‘Carry on Civilization, Open to the World, for Peace and Development’. Nanjing, China. 4-7 July.
Zhao, Chengchun 2005. On Scientific Navigation of Zhenghe’s Expedition. International Academic Forum in Memory of the 600th Anniversary of Zheng He’s Expedition ‘Carry on Civilization, Open to the World, for Peace and Development’. Nanjing, China. 4-7 July.
Zhou, Simin 2006. Discussion on Zheng He’s voyages to the Western sea from the view of Confucianism. Journal of Jilin Teachers Institute of Engineering and Technology (Social Sciences Edition) 22 (10): 28-30.

 

Jin Ding

Shanghai Maritime University,
Shanghai, P.R. China
   

Chaojian Shi

Shanghai Maritime University,
Shanghai, P.R. China
   

Adam Weintrit

Gdynia Maritime University,
Gdynia, Poland
weintrit@am.gdynia.pl
   
     
 
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