Articles in the Applications Category

Feb 2010 | One Comment

Consider the scenario, date 1.1.2020: “Mr. A buys property in Meerut, city in Uttar Pradesh (UP), India from Mr. B in Dec 2019. The ownership-title that Mr. B is the Owner, is guaranteed by the Government Registrar. As a matter of fact, all the properties with the names of their owner are recorded centrally in the computer in the office of Land Survey Department of UP. The location like trees and wells, etc are all photographed on an aerial photograph…

Dec 2009 | No Comment

Ownership and long term leasehold are the most important rights in land. The actual content of these rights may vary between countries and jurisdictions, but in general the content is well understood. Rights to land also include the rights of use. This right may be limited through public land use regulations and restrictions, sectoral land use provisions, and also various kind of private land use regulations such as easements, covenants, etc…

Nov 2009 | 2 Comments

Introduction The Bandra-Worli Sea Link (BWSL) is a civil engineering marvel spanning an arc of the Mumbai coastline. With its cable-stayed towers soaring gracefully skywards, the sea link is a reflection of the modern infrastructure that Mumbai is adding in its progress towards becoming a world-class city…

Nov 2009 | No Comment

Many of the world’s volcanoes that erupt, experience significant preeruption surface deformation. Internal magma pressure makes the surface bulge upwards and outwards. Thus, precise monitoring of surface deformation has the potential to contribute significantly to the realisation of a predictive capability of volcanic eruption. In particular, eruption source depth and evolution time can be estimated from surface deformation…

Nov 2009 | No Comment

ll countries have to deal with the management of land. They have to deal with the four functions of land tenure, land value, land use, and land development in some way or another.

National capacity may be advanced and combine the activities in one conceptual framework supported by sophisticated ICT models. More likely, capacity will involve very fragmented and basically analogue approaches…

Nov 2009 | No Comment

Landslide is a common hazard in the hilly regions which causes heavy losses to life and properties every year. Since 1980 various researches and analyses have been carried out in the GIS environment to identify factors responsible for causing landslides. The important conditioning factors identified by the researchers are slope, geological, geomorphologic structures and land use coupled with triggering factors like rainfall and a few of the anthropogenic activities…

Oct 2009 | No Comment
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E-Government (or Electronic Government) is described in Wiki as the use of information and communication technology to provide and improve government services, transactions and interactions with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government…

Mar 2008 | No Comment

Positioning by GPS can be derived today with a precision of a few millimeters. A GPS receiver determines the distance between the electrical phase center of its antenna and the phase center of a GPS satellite’s transmitting antenna as a pseudorange or a carrier phase observation. It is well known that the phase center of the antenna is not a stable point.

Mar 2008 | No Comment

Does Google have multiple standards?

The Pentagon has banned Google from taking photographs and video footage of US military bases after images showing important security features of a base in Texas appeared on the company’s website. The Defence Department’s ultimatum came after images showing entry gates, barriers and buildings within the Fort Sam Houstan base, in …

Mar 2008 | No Comment

Over the past 100 years the world’s total population has quadrupled – from 1.6 billion to 6.6 billion. (Footnote: Population Bulletin, “World Population Highlights: Key Findings From PRB’s 2007 World Population Data Sheet” http:// www.prb.org/Articles/2007/623WorldPop. aspx.) In many parts of the world we see growing poverty. We now face increasingly worrisome resource constraints and environmental difficulties…