Articles in the GIS Category
The provision of public services is considered as one of the basic goals which city managements all over the world seek to realize. In particular, the provision of public services indicator is considered as one of the most important urban indicators which reflect the quality of life for city residents. In this regard, the High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh, that is responsible for planning and comprehensive development of the city, has approved an overall plan for coordination and provision of public services in Arriyadh city.
Emergent coastal structures such as groins, detached offshore breakwaters, and sea walls have been successfully adopted as coastal protection measures for many decades (Dean and Dalrymple, 2001: Silvester and Hsu, 1997). These type of structures are common in the US and Europe (Dean and Dalrymple, 2001), and even more so in Japan, where Seiji et al.
The European Commission, Directorate- General Environment, is inviting comments on the implementation of the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) Directive (2007/2/EC).
Spatio-temporal rainfall changes at tropics had raised concern among scientists. However, comprehensive studies at catchment scale of Southeast Asia where the combined regional and local factor is a tough task to be carried out due to the inherent limitations of rainfall data sources especially in the remote
Most applied methods to determine the tourism demand depend on the availability of demographic data, social and economic characteristics of tourists, tourism customs, the quality of tourist activities and facilities, and other foundations such as the capacity of the tourist destination, and its accessibility…
Burgeoning energy needs in the 21st century are driving demands for more petroleum products. These needs were hitherto met by using pipes to transport required energy products over long distances within countries and across borders, from their sources to respective destinations (Chai et al, 2006; Yildirim et al, 2007; Dubey, 2009). However, increase in global…